sábado, 31 de julio de 2010

SÍNSTESIS (Third Period) 1° - 2° -3° - 4° - 5°

SINTESIS .(Third Period)

(En este espacio encontrará usted la síntesis de todos los grados y materias. - Encontrará una lectura de cada uno delos topics y encontrará también unaa página web (web side) en la cual podrá realizar eercicios, actividades, lecturas o videos).

(A este también, excusas por la información del blog, ya que se presentaron problemas en éste la semana pasada)

Cualquier pregunta o inquietud escribirla en los comentarios. Gentilmente igual le responderé.


GRADE 5°

ENGLISH


PRESENT CONTINOUS


Se utiliza para describir acciones que se están desarrollando en este mismo momento:

I am reading a book. Yo estoy leyendo un libro (en este preciso instante)
You are playing football. Tú estás jugando al futbol

También se utiliza para describir acciones que se están desarrollando alrededor del momento en el que se habla, aunque no necesariamente en ese preciso instante:

I am studying French. Yo estoy estudiando francés (me he matriculado en una academia, pero no necesariamente en este preciso momento estoy con los libros de francés)

Asimismo, se utiliza para describir una acción que va a tener lugar en el futuro próximo y sobre la que se ha tomado una resolución firme. En este caso, siempre se tiene que mencionar el tiempo en el que se va a desarrollar la acción:


I am going to London next week. Yo voy a Londres la próxima semana (la acción se va a desarrollar en el futuro próximo y existe una decisión firme por mi parte de llevarla a cabo)

Otro uso del presente continuo es para describir acciones que se vienen repitiendo con frecuencia; en este caso, la oración viene acompañada del adverbio "always" (siempre):

He is always working. El está siempre trabajando (con el significado de que trabaja frecuentemente, quizás, incluso, excesivamente)

Formación del "present continuous": se construye con el presente del indicativo del verbo "to be", en su función de verbo auxiliar, y el "present participle" ( = gerundio) del verbo principal.

Afirmación Negación Interrogación
I am eating I'm not eating Am I eating
You are eating You aren't eating Are you eating
He / she is eating He / she isn't eating Is he/she eating
We are eating We aren't eating Are we eating
You are eating You aren't eating Are you eating
They are eating They aren't eating Are they eating

EXERCISE.
http://www.isabelperez.com/happy/tenses/present_cont.htm


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DEMONTRATIVE

The written lesson is below.
Links to quizzes, tests, etc. are to the left.


In this lesson, we will discuss demonstratives of two types: demonstrative adjectives and demonstrative pronouns. The first step in clearly understanding these two topics is to review the differences between "adjectives" and "pronouns."

adjective
describes a noun

pronoun
takes the place of a noun

In the following sentences, the words in bold all function as adjectives, since they all describe the noun "book."

Give me the red book.
Give me the big book.
Give me that book.
Give me this book.

Notice that adjectives answer the question "Which?" in relation to the nouns that they modify. (Which book? The red book. The big book. That book. This book.)


In the following sentences, the words in bold all function as pronouns, since they all take the place of a noun.

Maria is next; give her the ball.
Juan is here; say hello to him.
That pencil is yours; this is mine.
This book is mine; that is yours.

http://www.helping-you-learn-english.com/demonstrative-pronouns.html

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PAST CONTINUOUS

- El pasado continuo se utiliza para describir una acción que se está

desarrollando, pero no acabada, en un momento dado del pasado:



Dan was playing tennis at 2 o'clock yesterday afternoon.

(The game wasn't over then)

- También se utiliza el pasado continuo para describir acciones que ocurrieron al mismo tiempo en el pasado. En este caso, solemos utilizar la palabra while para unir las dos acciones:

The children were playing soccer

while their mother was watching them.

- El pasado continuo se utiliza frecuentemente para describir una acción inacabada que está en proceso y es interrumpida por otra. La acción que interrumpe suele ir en pasado simple e introducida por la particula temporal when.

David was sleeping when the phone rang.


1. Past continuous - form.
The past continuous of any verb is composed of two parts : the past tense of the verb to be (was/were), and the base of the main verb +ing.

Subject was/were
base-ing

They
were
watching


Affirmative
She was reading
Negative
She wasn't reading
Interrogative
Was she reading?
Interrogative negative
Wasn't she reading?

Example: to play, past continuous

Affirmative
Negative
Interrogative

I was playing
I was not playing
Was I playing?

You were playing
You were not playing
Were you playing?

He, she, it was playing
She wasn't playing
Was she playing?

We were playing
We weren't playing
Were we playing?

You were playing
You weren't playing
Were you playing?

They were playing
They weren't playing
Were they playing?

http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/tests/past-progressive-1

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SICIENCE


MATTER


WHAT IS THE MATTER?

Matter is a general term for the substance of which all physical objects are made.[1] Typically, this includes atoms and other particles which have mass. However in practice there is no single correct scientific meaning; each field uses the term in different and often incompatible ways. A common way of defining matter is as anything that has mass and occupies volume.



For much of the history of the natural sciences people have contemplated the exact nature of matter. The idea that matter was build from discrete building blocks, the so-called particulate theory of matter, was first put forward by the Greek philosophers Leucippus and Democritus . Over time an increasingly fine structure for matter was discovered: objects are made from molecules, molecules consist of atoms, which in turn consist of subatomic particles like protons and electrons.




ENERGY

WHAT IS THE ENERGY?
Energy is in everything. We use energy for everything we do, from making a jump shot to baking cookies to sending astronauts into space.

There are two types of energy:

Stored (potential) energy
Working (kinetic) energy


For example, the food you eat contains chemical energy, and your body stores this energy until you use it when you work or play.

Energy Sources Can be Categorized As Renewable or Nonrenewable
When we use electricity in our home, the electrical power was probably generated by burning coal, by a nuclear reaction, or by a hydroelectric plant at a dam. Therefore, coal, nuclear and hydro are called energy sources. When we fill up a gas tank, the source might be petroleum or ethanol made by growing and processing corn.

Energy sources are divided into two groups — renewable (an energy source that can be easily replenished) and nonrenewable (an energy source that we are using up and cannot recreate). Renewable and nonrenewable energy sources can be used to produce secondary energy sources including electricity and hydrogen.

http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/



>FORCES

In physics, a force is any influence that causes a free body to undergo an acceleration. Force can also be described by intuitive concepts such as a push or pull that can cause an object with mass to change its velocity (which includes to begin moving from a state of rest), to accelerate, or which can cause a flexible object to deform. A force has both magnitude and direction, making it a vector quantity. Newton's second law, F=ma, can be formulated to state that an object with a constant mass will accelerate in proportion to the net force acting upon and in inverse proportion to its mass, an approximation which breaks down near the speed of light. Newton's original formulation is exact, and does not break down: this version states that the net force acting upon an object is equal to the rate at which its momentum changes.

Related concepts to accelerating forces include thrust - any force which increases the velocity of the object, drag - any force which decreases the velocity of any object, and torque - the tendency of a force to cause changes in rotational speed about an axis. Forces which do not act uniformly on all parts of a body will also cause mechanical stresses a technical term for influences which cause deformation of matter. While mechanical stress can remain embedded in a solid object, gradually deforming it, mechanical stress in a fluid determines changes in its pressure and volume.

http://pbskids.org/zoom/activities/sci/

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MACHINES>

http://www.uark.edu/depts/aeedhp/agscience/simpmach.htm

A machine is a device that uses energy to perform some activity. In common usage, the meaning is that of a device having parts that perform or assist in performing any type of work. A simple machine is a device that transforms the direction or magnitude of a force without consuming any energy. The word "machine" is derived from the Latin word machina which in turn derives from the Doric Greek μαχανά (machana), Ionic Greek μηχανή (mechane) "contrivance, machine, engine" and that from μῆχος (mechos), "means, expedient, remedy".

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MATH

ADD - SUBTRACTIONS - MULTIPLICATION

http://www.coolmath4kids.com/



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GRADE 4°

ENGLISH



Injuries suck - plain and simple. They are especially frustrating for those who are used to being active. The standard protocol for injuries is RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation), therapeutic exercise and painkillers. Here's why diet should play a big part in this equation and how to optimize eating to help hasten recovery.

Common Injuries

There are so many types of injuries and nutritional strategy will vary depending on the type and severity of the injury amongst other factors. Some of the more common injuries are;

Sprains: Injury to ligament tissue
Strains: Injury to muscle or tendon tissue
Fractures: Injury to bone tissue

http://www.theyellowpencil.com/vocabulario.html_
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FOOD AND DRINK

Colombia’s cuisine, influenced heavily by the Spanish and Indigenous populations, is not as widely known as other Latin American cuisines such as Peruvian or Brazilian, but to the adventurous traveler there is plenty of delectable dishes to try, not to mention bizarre fruits, rum, and of course, Colombian coffee.

Colombian Daily Meal Plan - Colombian’s eat three meals a day: a light breakfast, a large lunch between 12-2, and a light dinner.

Fruit - Colombia is home to numerous tropical fruits endemic to the country and rarely found elsewhere. There are several varieties of bananas including a very small, sweet version. Others include zapote, lulo, uchuva, borojó, curuba, guayabamanzana, and many others. Fruit and juice stands are found all over the place, particularly on the Caribbean coast.

Read more at Suite101: Colombian Food and Drink: Colombia's Gastronomic Delights http://colombia-travel.suite101.com/article.cfm/colombian_food_and_drink#ixzz0vjcqlpNe



Commonly Eaten Types of Fish
Salmon
Cod
Plaice
Haddock
Trout
Types of Steak
Fillet
Rump
Sirloin
T-Bone
Stewing
Things to do with eggs
egg
boiled egg
scrambled egg
fried egg


drinks
bebidas
alcohol alcohol
ale cerveza
beer cerveza
bitter (GB) cerveza amarga
black coffee café solo (sin leche)
booze bebida alcohólica
brandy brandy
champagne champaña
cider (GB), hard cider (US) sidra
cocktail cóctel, trago
cocoa cacao, chocolate
coffee café
decaffeinated coffee café descafeinado
draught beer cerveza de barril
espresso coffee café expreso
fruit juice zumo de frutas
hot chocolate chocolate caliente
gin ginebra
ginger ale ginger ale
grapefruit juice zumo de pomelo
herbal tea té de hierbas
iced tea té frío
juice jugo, zumo
lager cerveza rubia
liqueur licor
lemonade limonada
milk leche
milk shake
batido de leche

mineral water
agua mineral

non-alcoholic drink bebida sin alcohol
orange juice zumo de naranja
orange squash (GB) naranjada
port oporto
real ale cerveza no pasteurizada
red wine vino tinto
rosé wine vino rosado
rum ron
shandy cerveza con gaseosa
sherry jerez
soda refresco
soft drink refresco
sparkling mineral water agua mineral con gas
squash (GB) zumo concentrado
still mineral water agua mineral sin gas
stout cerveza negra
tea té
tomato juice zumo de tomate
tonic water agua tónica
vodka vodka
water agua
white coffee café con leche
white wine vino blanco
whisky whisky
wine vino
crushed ice hielo picado
on the rocks con hielo
wine list carta de vinos


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SIMPLE PRESENT


El presente simple, también llamado del indicativo, es el tiempo verbal más simple del inglés. Se suele utilizar para hablar sobre hechos que constituyen hábitos o costumbres.

Se forma con la forma base del verbo del infinitivo. Este infinitivo consta de dos partículas: to y la forma base del verbo, así, por ejemplo, to eat es un infinitivo que significa comer.

Conozcamos en la siguiente tabla el presente del indicativo:


Conjugación Inglés Español
1ª per. singular I work yo trabajo
2ª per. singular you work tú trabajas
3ª per. singular he works
she works
It works él trabaja
ella trabaja
(para objetos)
1ª per. plural we work nosotros/as trabajmos
2ª per. plural you work vosotros/as trabajais
3ª per. plural they work ellos/as trabajan

La única dificultad escriba, como de costumbre, en la 3ª persona del singular; de hecho, esta 3ª persona es especial a la hora de conjugar verbos. Como regla general se añade s, aunque veremos que existen algunas excepciones.

Usos del presente simple
Este tiempo verbal se utiliza para expresar hechos o verdades generales.

The Sun warms the atmosphere. -> El Sol calienta la armósfera.
También usamos el presente simple para hablar de hábitos; en este caso, en la oración suele aparecer expresiones de frecuencia, como usually o always.

We play tennis usually. -> Nosotros jugamos al tenis ocasionalmente.
You study always. -> Vosotros estudiais siempre.
Tambien lo usamos para expresar horarior o programas (como el programa de un espectáculo teatral).

The train leaves in an hour. -> El tren llega en una hora.
Reglas ortográficas para la 3ª persona del singular
Como regla general, a la forma verbal de la 3ª persona del singular se le añade s; no obstante, existen unas cuantas reglas para una serie de formas verbales que son especiales:

1.- Cuando el verbo acaba ya en s, o en un sonido parecido como sh, ch o x:

watch -> watches (mirar) dash -> dashes (arrojar)
2.- Cuando el verbo acaba en o, también se añade es:

go -> goes (ir) do -> does (hacer)
3.- Cuando el verbo acaba en y, y a ésta le precede una consonante, tenemos que cambiar la y por i, para a continuación añadir es:

fly -> flies (volar) study -> studies (estudiar)


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PRONOUNS

Pronombres personales (Personal pronouns).

Para empezar a conocer el inglés, te presentamos los pronombres personales (personal pronouns). Son estos:

I, me yo
You tú
He él
She ella
It ello, referido a animal o cosa
We nosotros/as
You nosotros/as
They ellos/as


Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos de frases en las que hay un pronombre personal:

I am twenty-nine years old. (Yo tengo veintinueve años).
You live in Barcelona (Tú vives en Barcelona).
She has got a dog (Ella tiene un perro).
He makes the bed every morning (Él hace la cama cada día).
It runs inside the house (Ello, el perro, el gato corre dentro de la casa).
We sing a good song at the disco (Nosotros cantamos una canción buena en la discoteca).

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TO HAVE


I have
you have
he has
she has
it has
we have
they have

Uso

«To have» es normalement equivalente al verbo tener. También se puede ser igual a haber. «To have» puede ser seguido de un nombre, un participio pasado o un infinitivo.

To have + nombre

I have two brothers (Tengo dos hermanos)
Do you have a pen? (¿Tienes una pluma?)
I think he has a question (Creo que tiene una pregunta)


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CONDITIONAL

Present Conditionals
Present Real Conditional
FORM
[If / When ... Simple Present ..., ... Simple Present ...]

[... Simple Present ... if / when ... Simple Present ...]

USE
The Present Real Conditional is used to talk about what you normally do in real-life situations.

Examples:

If I go to a friend's house for dinner, I usually take a bottle of wine or some flowers.
When I have a day off from work, I often go to the beach.
If the weather is nice, she walks to work.
Jerry helps me with my homework when he has time.
I read if there is nothing on TV.
A: What do you do when it rains?
B: I stay at home.
A: Where do you stay if you go to Sydney?
B: I stay with my friends near the harbor.


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MATH


ADD STRACT
WITH FRACTIONARES


Adding Fractions with the same Denominator
Fractions consist of two numbers. The top number is called the numerator. The bottom number is called the denominator.

numerator
denominator

To add two fractions with the same denominator, add the numerators and place that sum over the common denominator.

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Adding Fractions with Different Denominators
How to Add Fractions with different denominators:

Find the Least Common Denominator (LCD) of the fractions
Rename the fractions to have the LCD
Add the numerators of the fractions
Simplify the Fraction
Example: Find the Sum of 2/9 and 3/12

Determine the Greatest Common Factor of 9 and 12 which is 3
Either multiply the denominators and divide by the GCF (9*12=108, 108/3=36)
OR - Divide one of the denominators by the GCF and multiply the answer by the other denominator (9/3=3, 3*12=36)
Rename the fractions to use the Least Common Denominator(2/9=8/36, 3/12=9/36)
The result is 8/36 + 9/36
Add the numerators and put the sum over the LCD = 17/36
Simplify the fraction if possible. In this case it is not possible


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Multiplying Fractions
To Multiply Fractions:

Multiply the numerators of the fractions
Multiply the denominators of the fractions
Place the product of the numerators over the product of the denominators
Simplify the Fraction
Example: Multiply 2/9 and 3/12

Multiply the numerators (2*3=6)
Multiply the denominators (9*12=108)
Place the product of the numerators over the product of the denominators (6/108)
Simplify the Fraction (6/108 = 1/18)

The Easy Way. It is often simplest to "cancel" before doing the multiplication. Canceling is dividing one factor of the numerator and one factor of the denominator by the same number.
For example: 2/9 * 3/12 = (2*3)/(9*12) = (1*3)/(9*6) = (1*1)/(3*6) = 1/18

http://www.coolmath4kids.com/

http://www.free-ed.net/sweethaven/Math/fractions/fracs03.asp


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CANADA


Canada ( /ˈkænədə/) is a country occupying most of northern North America, extending from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. It is the world's second largest country by total area. Canada's common border with the United States to the south and northwest is the longest in the world.

The land occupied by Canada was inhabited for millennia by various groups of Aboriginal peoples. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French expeditions explored, and later settled, along the Atlantic coast. France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763 after the Seven Years' War. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament.


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GRADE 3°



ENGLISH


The weather is all around us, all the time. It is an important part of our lives and one that we cannot control. Instead the weather often controls how and where we live, what we do, what we wear and what we eat. Someone who studies the weather is called a meteorologist. Weather predictions are made by forecasters who you see on television.
Weather is made up of different things. Click on the different types of weather above to find out more about them and how they can be measured.
Weather DefinitionWeather is the day-to-day conditions of a particular place.For example: It was raining today at school. Yesterday it was sunny at home.

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MONTH OF THE YEAR

January-Enero. February-Febrero. March-Marzo. April-Abril. May-Mayo. June-Junio. July-Julio. August-Agosto. September-Septiembre. October-October. November-Noviembre. December-Diciembre.

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=10

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DESCRIBE PLACE

How to Describe a Place
Before Writing
Read an example of another person's daydream.
Your writing will be about a daydream so you will dream before writing.
To dream get into a comfortable position and listen to the music. Make pictures in your head while you listen.You can close your eyes if that helps.
Play music

When you describe a place you commonly used the verb there is/there are, descriptive adjectives and place prepositions like at, on, under, below, above, near, opposite, on the right, on the left.

I have got my own room. In my room there is a bed, a table, a chair, a wardrobe and a television. There is a window above the table. The television is opposite my bed so I can watch it when I am in bed.
The wardrobe is on the left and my bed is on the right. There is a computer on the table and books, pens and cds are near the computer. There is a magazine and a camera on the bed.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8TNVkRD6q8Q

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ANIMAL HABITAT

En ecología, hábitat es el ambiente que ocupa una población biológica . Es el espacio que reúne las condiciones adecuadas para que la especie pueda residir y reproducirse, perpetuando su presencia. Un hábitat queda así descrito por los rasgos que lo definen ecológicamente, distinguiéndolo de otros hábitats en los que las mismas especies no podrían encontrar acomodo.
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ANIMAL FOOD

Approximately 750, 000, 000 animals and 650, 000 tons of fish are slaughtered each year for food in Britain. The number of fishes is not known because they are weighed, and small fishes are thrown back dead into the sea, because it is illegal to land them. Anglers catch an additional number of fish, and an unknown number of birds and rabbits are shot.

All fresh meat, fresh whole organ meats and fresh ground bone…all the time…every time!! >

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BIODIVERSITY

Biodiversity is the variation of life forms within a given ecosystem, biome, or on the entire Earth. Biodiversity is often used as a measure of the health of biological systems. The biodiversity found on Earth today consists of many millions of distinct biological species. The year 2010 has been declared as the International Year of Biodiversity.
Biodiversity is not distributed evenly on Earth, but is consistently rich in the tropics and in specific localized regions such as the Cape Floristic Province; it is less rich in polar regions where fewer species are found.

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ECOSYSTEM

An ecosystem consists of all the organisms living in a particular area, as well as all the nonliving, physical components of the environment with which the organisms interact, such as air, soil, water, and sunlight.[1] It is all the organisms in a given area, along with the nonliving (abiotic) factors with which they interact; a biological community and its physical environment.[1] The entire array of organisms inhabiting a particular ecosystem is called a community.[1] In a typical ecosystem, plants and other photosynthetic organisms are the producers that provide the food.[1] Ecosystems can be permanent or temporary. Ecosystems usually form a number of food.

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SOCIAL

ABOUT CANADA

Canadá (pronunciado en inglés /ˈkænədə/ y en francés /kanaˈda/) es un país de América, ubicado en el extremo norte de América del Norte. Se extiende desde el océano Atlántico al este, el océano Pacífico al oeste, y hacia el norte hasta el océano Ártico, compartiendo frontera con los Estados Unidos de América al sur y al noroeste. Es el segundo país más extenso del mundo y también el más septentrional. Ocupa cerca de la mitad del territorio de América del Norte.


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SYMBOLS OF CANADA


National symbols of Canada are the symbols that are used in Canada and abroad to represent the country and its people. Prominently, the use of the maple leaf as a Canadian symbol dates back to the early 18th century, and is depicted on its current and previous flags, the penny, and on the coat of arms (or royal arms).
The Crown symbolizes the Canadian monarchy, and appears on the coat of arms (used by parliamentarians and government ministries), the flag of the Governor General, the coats of arms of many provinces and territories; the badges of the Canadian Forces, Royal Military College of Canada, Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), many regiments, and other police forces; on buildings, as well as some highway signs and licence plates. Also, the Queen's image appears in Canadian government buildings, military installations and schools.


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MATH

ROMAN NUMBERS
Roman numerals are a numeral system of ancient Rome based on letters of the alphabet, which are combined to signify the sum (or in some cases, the difference) of their values. The first ten Roman numerals are
I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, and X.



Symbol
Value
I
1 (one) (unus)
V
5 (five) (quinque)
X
10 (ten) (decem)
L
50 (fifty) (quinquaginta)
C
100 (one hundred) (centum)
D
500 (five hundred) (quingenti)
M
1,000 (one thousand) (mille

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ADDICTION



Adding Tens
How to add two-digit numbers (for example 40 + 50).
Place one number above the other so the tens' place digits and ones' place digits are lined up. Draw a line under the bottom number.
40
50
Add the two ones' place digits. (0 + 0 = 0). Place the zero below the line in the ones' place column.
40
50
0
Add the numbers in the tens' place column (4 + 5 = 9) and place the answer below the line and to the left of the ones' place sum
40
50
90


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SUBTRACTIONS


Subtraction
Subtraction is removing some objects from a group. The meaning of 5-3=2 is "Three objects are taken away from a group of five objects and two objects remain".
Subtraction Facts
Zero
0-0=0
One
1-0=1
1-1=0
Two
2-0=2
2-1=1
2-2=0
Three
3-0=3
3-1=2
3-2=1
3-3=0
Four
4-0=4
4-1=3
4-2=2
4-3=1
4-4=0
Five
5-0=5
5-1=4
5-2=3
5-3=2
5-4=1
5-5=0
Six
6-0=6
6-1=5
6-2=4
6-3=3
6-4=2
6-5=1
6-6=0
Seven
7-0=7
7-1=6
7-2=5
7-3=4
7-4=3

http://www.coolmath4kids.com/

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MULTIPLICATIONS

Multiplying by 10s
How to multiply by tens:
Move the decimal point one place to the left in the number ending in zero.
For example: 8 * 40 would become 8*4
Do the multiplication (8*4=32)
Move the decimal point of the product one place to the right (320).



Multiplication and DIVISION Relationship
There is an inverse relationship between multiplication and division just like there was between addition and subtraction.
The equation 3 * 7 = 21 has the inverse relationships: 21 ÷ 3 = 7 21 ÷ 7 = 3
Similar relationships exist for division. The equation 45 ÷ 5 = 9 has the inverse relationships: 5 * 9 = 45 9 * 5 = 45

http://www.coolmath4kids.com/


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SCIENCE





Animals live everywhere on earth--in every kind of terrain and every kind of climate. An animal's living place is called its habitat. Most animals are only adapted to live in one or two habitats. A baracuda which is a salt water fish could not live in a fresh water lake. A walrus could not live in a desert. A rattlesnake could not live for very long in the arctic. Some animals migrate in the spring and again in the fall to find warmer habitats with an abundance of food.

The habitats are:
Polar/arctic areas
Mountains
Oceans
Deserts
Savannah/grasslands/prairies
Tropical rainforest
Woodland/forest
Tundra
Taiga
Wetland areas/marshes
Pond
Rivers/lakes
Coral reef
Deciduous forest
Tide pool
Cave

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ANIMAL FOOD

Approximately 750, 000, 000 animals and 650, 000 tons of fish are slaughtered each year for food in Britain. The number of fishes is not known because they are weighed, and small fishes are thrown back dead into the sea, because it is illegal to land them. Anglers catch an additional number of fish, and an unknown number of birds and rabbits are shot.


Farm animals are stunned by electricity or percussion, and killed by cutting the blood vessels in the neck, causing exsanguination. The halal and shechita method, used by Moslems and Jews, involves cutting the neck without stunning the animals. Shooting may be at close quarters, e.g. of horses, or from a distance, e.g. birds and rabbits. Fish caught at sea or by anglers die of asphyxia, when they are taken out of the water; anglers sometimes throw fish back after withdrawing the hooks; the fish may then die of inability to eat, or microbial or fungal infections. Trapping, snaring and hunting are rarely used in Britain for animals which are to be eaten.

An diferent animals too.

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BIODIVERSITY

The variety of life on Earth, its biological diversity is commonly referred to as biodiversity. The number of species of plants, animals, and microorganisms, the enormous diversity of genes in these species, the different ecosystems on the planet, such as deserts, rainforests and coral reefs are all part of a biologically diverse Earth. Appropriate conservation and sustainable development strategies attempt to recognize this as being integral to any approach. Almost all cultures have in some way or form recognized the importance that nature, and its biological diversity has had upon them and the need to maintain it. Yet, power, greed and politics have affected the precarious balance.

Why is Biodiversity important? Does it really matter if there aren’t so many species?
Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play.

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ECOSYSTEM


What is an Ecosystem?
Within all species, individuals interact with each other - feeding together, mating together, and living together. Some species have a pecking order as well, and each individual has a role to play within it.

However, it is not only individuals within a species that interact. Different species of animals interact with each other all the time. For instance, animals eat other animals through their interactions in a food web. But plants are included in this web as well as they, too, are eaten by animals.

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GRADE 2°

ENGLISH

* The ABC.

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COLORS


violeta
purple
azul
blue
verde
green
amarillo
yellow
anaranjado
orange
rojo
red
negro
black
blanco
white
gris
gray
marrón
brown
rosado
pink
azul claro
light blue
azul oscuro
dark blue

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SOCIAL

Canadá (pronunciado en inglés /ˈkænədə/ y en francés /kanaˈda/) es un país de América, ubicado en el extremo norte de América del Norte. Se extiende desde el océano Atlántico al este, el océano Pacífico al oeste, y hacia el norte hasta el océano Ártico, compartiendo frontera con los Estados Unidos de América al sur y al noroeste. Es el segundo país más extenso del mundo y también el más septentrional. Ocupa cerca de la mitad del territorio de América del Norte.

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SYMBOLS OF CANADA

The Symbols of Canada
The symbols of Canada can heighten not only our awareness of our country but also our sense of celebration in being Canadian. The symbols of Canada are a celebration of what we are as a people.
The Arms of Canada
The National Flag
The Royal Union Flag
Other National Emblems
Commercial use of emblems
Historical Flags of Canada

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CANADIAN GOUVERNMENT

Government of Canada enacts new regulations to help fight organized crime
4 August 2010 The Honourable Rob Nicholson, P.C., Q.C., M.P. for Niagara Falls, Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, accompanied by Senator Pierre-Hugues Boisvenu, today announced the enactment of new regulations to strengthen the ability of law enforcement to fight organized crime.

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MATH

ADDICTION

This online/interactive generator will provides plenty of math drill and practice in addition, to boost test scores, improves accuracy and speed to prepare the child/children to meet the Kindergarten, Grade 1, and Grade 2 curriculum standards. This online/interactive math addition, will create 1 digit by 1 digit (1x1) equations with an option of timed test, and it will automatically graded/scored your results in a printable worksheet.
addend
addend
sum
8+ 1= 9
Type of online math problems:
Online Math 2 - Addition - No Carryovers
Online Math 2 - Addition - Carryovers
Online Math 2 - Addition - Addition: 0 to 5
Online Math 2 - Addition - Addition: 5 to 10
Online Math 2 - Addition - Addition: 0 to 10
Online Math 2 - Addition - Addition: 0 to 18
Online Math 2 - Addition - Addition: 10 to 18


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SUBTRATION

Subtraction is one of the four basic arithmetic operations; it is the inverse of addition, meaning that if we start with any number and add any number and then subtract the same number we added, we return to the number we started with. Subtraction is denoted by a minus sign in infix notation.
The traditional names for the parts of the formula
c − b = a
are minuend (c) − subtrahend (b) = difference (a). The words "minuend" and "subtrahend" are uncommon in modern usage[1]. Instead we say that c and −b are terms, and treat subtraction as addition of the opposite. The answer is still called the difference.

http://www.coolmath4kids.com/


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SCIENCE


TYPES OF PLANTS

Here are our different types of plants, as they are sorted on Discover Plants. You may notice some categories are not actually scientific, or botanical, classifications. For example, the term 'vegetables' is only a culinary term, not an actual plant type. Same for 'fruits', but to a lesser extent. We have separated our types of plants by how people commonly refer to them.
Shrubs and Bushes - Trees


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PLAN NUTRITION


Plant nutrition is the study of the chemical elements that are necessary for plant growth. A nutrient that is able to limit plant growth according to Liebig's law of the minimum, is considered an essential plant nutrient if the plant can not complete its full life cycle without it. There are 16 essential plant nutrients. Carbon and oxygen are absorbed from the air, while other nutrients including water are obtained from the soil. Plants must obtain the following mineral nutrients from the soil.
the three primary macronutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.
the three secondary macronutrients such as calcium(Ca), sulfur (S), magnesium (Mg).
the macronutrient Silicon (Si)
and micronutrients or trace minerals: boron (B), chlorine (Cl), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), molybdenum (Mo) selenium (Se), and sodium (Na).

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GRADE 1°




ENLISH

MEMBER OF FAMILY



Members of a Family
father
dad
mother
mum , mummy , mom (amerik.)
parent
parents
child
children
son
daughter
brother
sister
grandfather
granddad , grandpa
grandmother
grandma , granny
grandson
granddaughter
grandchild
uncle
aunt
cousin
nephew
niece
boyfriend
girlfriend
fiancé
fiancée
bride
groom, bridegroom
wife
husband
spouse
father-in-law
mother-in-law
parents-in-law
son-in-law
daughter-in-law
brother-in-law
sister-in-law
godfather
godmother
godson
goddaughter
godchild
History of a Family
be pregnant
expect a baby
give birth to
born
birthday
baptize
bring up, raise
go to school
be proud of
move
be engaged
marry , get married
be married to
be married with two children
divorced
widowed
widow
widower
die
late
Social Networks


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DAY OF THE WEEK

lunesMonday
martesTuesday
miércolesWednesday
juevesThursday
viernesFriday
sábadoSaturday
domingoSunday

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SCIENCE

The importance of the sun and water





Here are some interesting facts about Why Water is Important....
Water is necessary to all living things.
Water is all around us, in the air and in the ground. It is in milk, vegetables, fruit, meat, leaves, trunks, roots, and branches of a tree; it is even in stones.
Water is used for many things:
To drink: people should drink 8 glasses of water each day to stay healthy.
To wash things: dishes, cars, clothes, ourselves as needed.
To cook things in (eggs, vegetables); to use in things we cook (cakes, soup).
To put out fires.
To play in: pools, ponds, lakes, oceans; or to play with when using hoses, sprayers, or sprinklers.
To water plants, lawns, trees, bushes.
To transport cargo and people on ships or boats.
More plants and animals live in water (saltwater or in fresh water) than on land.




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SOCIAL

Canada

Canadá (pronunciado en inglés /ˈkænədə/ y en francés /kanaˈda/) es un país de América, ubicado en el extremo norte de América del Norte. Se extiende desde el océano Atlántico al este, el océano Pacífico al oeste, y hacia el norte hasta el océano Ártico, compartiendo frontera con los Estados Unidos de América al sur y al noroeste. Es el segundo país más extenso del mundo y también el más septentrional. Ocupa cerca de la mitad del territorio de América del Norte.

http://www.saskschools.ca/~gregory/canada/tour1.html

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MATH

ADDICTION

ADDICTION Adding Tens How to add two-digit numbers (for example 40 + 50). Place one number above the other so the tens' place digits and ones' place digits are lined up. Draw a line under the bottom number. 40 50 Add the two ones' place digits. (0 + 0 = 0). Place the zero below the line in the ones' place column. 40 50 0 Add the numbers in the tens' place column (4 + 5 = 9) and place the answer below the line and to the left of the ones' place sum 40 50 90 ____________________________________________

SUBTRACTIONS

Subtraction Subtraction is removing some objects from a group. The meaning of 5-3=2 is "Three objects are taken away from a group of five objects and two objects remain". Subtraction Facts Zero 0-0=0 One 1-0=1 1-1=0 Two 2-0=2 2-1=1

http://www.coolmath4kids.com/

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